The Project is developed under a multi-sector framework, with investment activities aimed at reducing disaster risks and enhancing the climate change adaptive capacities of communities on the island.
Haiti is exposed to several natural hazards including hurricanes, storm surges, floods, landslides and earthquakes, due to its topography and geographic location on the Atlantic Hurricane Belt. In addition, it is located in a seismically active zone, intersected by several major tectonic faults. The vulnerability of the country to natural hazards is exacerbated by many factors including: high levels of poverty, high population density, extreme environmental degradation, weak infrastructure, and weak governance systems. Natural hazards impose large economic and social costs, disrupting the economic growth process, decreasing living standards, and creating social upheaval.
The Global Climate Risk Index (2017) ranks Haiti as third among the countries most affected (in terms of fatalities and economic losses) by extreme weather events over the period 1996-2015. Climate change is expected to further exacerbate the risk of hydro-meteorological hazards by increasing the frequency and/or intensity of extreme events.
Ile-à-Vache (IAV) is particularly vulnerable to the impacts of tropical storms and hurricanes. The fragile land and marine resource base show signs of increasing environmental degradation as recurring floods and storms aggravate the already dire socio-economic conditions of IAV communities. The capacity of the coastal ecosystem to maintain and provide its normal protection to coastal communities is under threat, and climate change related impacts are expected to further exacerbate the degradation of IAV’s coastal ecosystems, freshwater resources, and to generally decrease the resilience of the island’s communities.
Purpose of the Project:
To improve the capacity of communities on Ile-à-Vache and to respond to climate variability and climate change threats.
The Project is in keeping with the Strategic Plan for the Development of Haiti (Plan Stratégique de Développment d’Haïti – PSDH); Haiti’s National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) and the agreement for support to Haiti under the ninth Special Development Fund (SDF 9).
Expected outcomes of the Project:
- increased capacity of the central government, local authorities and communities to plan for climate change resilience and disaster risk management (DRM) for Ile-à-Vache (IAV)
- enhanced capacity to implement viable and sustainable fisheries and other livelihoods opportunities
- improved access to potable water and information for effective water resources management
- increased access to efficient, affordable electricity for households, businesses and public administrative services
The Project consists of Technical Assistance (TA) comprising:
- DRM-climate change adaptation (DRM/CCA) plan, climate resilient spatial plan (CRSP), early warning system (EWS), and public education awareness programme (PEAP);
- sustainable fisheries and coastal ecosystem management pilot programme;
- sustainable livelihoods options and opportunities assessment;
- hydrometric network design and training of technicians from the Directorate for Potable Water and Sanitation (DINEPA) and the IAV local water committee (LWC), and design support for a reverse osmosis water purification system;
- design and construction supervision support for a pilot mini-grid system;
- maintenance training for solar photovoltaic and lighting systems; and
- monitoring and evaluation.
Grantee: Government of the Republic of Haiti
Implementing Agency: Ministry of Environment
Cost: 6,325 USD